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Five Different Ways to Start an Introduction for a Research Paper

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❶AU Alice Uma Nov 14, Since our argument is that quartered troops angered farmers into action, we need to discuss them in that order.

Writing a Career Research Paper




Start with a factual statement about your subject. Some people like to start broad and work their way into a research topic.

This reaches those people who want to know the broad appeal of your work. If you're writing a paper on the importance of comics, you could assert the importance of comic books since the s. If you want to discuss the role of farmers in the American Revolution, you can make a blanket statement about the complex causes of the revolutionary movement. This is how most people begin their research papers.

They don't want to make their subject seem too obscure, so they write about larger points before jumping head first into their topic. And make sure that everyone can agree with your broad statement. You don't want to have your readership criticizing your argument from the beginning. You need to build a certain degree of trust.

By all means, avoid the "Throughout history" or "In modern society" types of opening lines. These are so overused that they have become hackneyed, and they will damage your credibility as a writer before your reader has looked at another word. Review what else has been written on your topic. One of the best ways to begin a paper is to tell your audience what else exists.

If you are writing on the role of farmers during the American Revolution, begin by discussing those works that directly or tangentially discuss the subject. Then explain how your work adds to the conversation or does something differently. This will answer that nagging question in your readers' minds - why do I need to read this research paper? We've all seen those individuals who begin papers or speeches by quoting Webster's Dictionary.

It is hackneyed most of the time because the speaker or author defines a common word that most people know. If your topic is more obscure or the audience knows nothing about it, you might need to start by establishing a baseline of knowledge. But don't go for the standard "Webster's Dictionary defines philately as See if you can make your opening line attention-grabbing or intriguing. Begin with a true story. This works well for history papers in particular. A story about an individual family that attacked a quartered British soldier in the middle of the night for eating all of their bread would be a suitable story for a paper on the role of farmers in the early American Revolution.

By setting up this story at the beginning, you'd be able to return to it periodically over the course of your paper to illustrate points and to re-assert your thesis statement. Understand what is conventional for your field. You can begin with broad analytical statements or with a story for most fields, but in some it is less appropriate and helpful than others.

While historians can make use of both broad claims and stories, biologists might not be able to. If a biologist wanted to write a paper on the photosynthesis process in celery stalks, they might not want to begin with a story - especially not a hypothetical one. It would just seem silly. In short, know your audience. Who will read this paper? Will they enjoy the way you began your story?

If you aren't sure about how to start your essay, have a look at some published works in your subject. They'll be a lot fancier than your paper needs to be, but they can give you a sense of that subject's conventions. Write your first draft. During this draft, you will answer your primary question with your thesis statement and then systematically support that statement with evidence acquired during your research phase. Write a complete rough draft before you start editing.

It is easier to get all of your thoughts out on the paper especially if you have a solid outline to follow and then go back and edit. It will disrupt your thought process. Some writers find it helpful to write the body of the text and then return and write the introduction and conclusion. This gives them a better sense of what exactly they want to argue.

You must always edit spelling, grammar, and content personally. Be aware of homonyms. They are the primary type of word missed by spellcheck. Make sure you cite work correctly. Check with your professor to find what kind of style you should use. They each use a different method of citation. Be sure to give the author credit. Depending on the assignment, you may write a works-cited page instead.

Works-cited pages include those sources you specifically drew from. A bibliography can include other works that you are aware of, but did not reference in the body of your paper. In general, bibliographies should be organized by type of source and by alphabetical order.

Revise your draft again for clarity and argument. Consider printing it out and making notes with a pen and pencil. Some writers read their papers aloud.

Hearing your words forces your brain to process them differently. This makes finding errors a little easier. Submit your final draft after several revisions.

Make sure to give yourself plenty of time before the deadline to submit your essay, especially if you are submitting it online.

If many students all try to turn in their papers at Look for scientific studies related to videos games and children, interview the parents of kids who play video games, and perhaps conduct an experiment of your own at home. Not Helpful 0 Helpful 0. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Already answered Not a question Bad question Other. By using this service, some information may be shared with YouTube. Research Papers In other languages: Een onderzoeksverslag beginnen Print Edit Send fan mail to authors.

Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read , times. Did this article help you? Cookies make wikiHow better. By continuing to use our site, you agree to our cookie policy. LR Lanka Ranasinghe May 11, This technique is particularly useful in argumentative essays or if you will be presenting your paper in a setting where alternate conclusions will also be proposed. Like a physical funnel, a funnel method introduction starts broadly and gets progressively narrower to end with the thesis statement.

This technique provides a natural way to create a connection between your reader's broad familiarity with your field and your specific research topic. If your topic has multiple components, such as "teaching math to developmentally disabled kindergarten students," you can start with a sentence about one component and narrow it by adding another component in each sentence.

In this example, you might start with a broad statement about teaching math, then teaching math in kindergarten, then state your full thesis. Sometime, providing your conclusion in advance can help the reader understand what to look for as she reads the rest of your paper.

When using this method, bear in mind that the reader will not yet know about the research, methods and context you explain in the paper. Frame your conclusion as a simplified hint about the direction in which you will be moving, rather than a detailed or technical statement. Make sure that the conclusion of your paper adds more information and develops the results you hint at in the introduction. Benjamin Twist has worked as a writer, editor and consultant since He writes fiction and nonfiction for online and print publications, as well as offering one-on-one writing consultations and tutoring.

The database based on Word Net is a lexical database for the English Language. References Michigan State University: Introductions -- The Writing Center. About the Author Benjamin Twist has worked as a writer, editor and consultant since Depending on which text editor you're pasting into, you might have to add the italics to the site name. How to Start a Research Paper Introduction.


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This method eases the reader into the substance of your paper by providing a memorable and relevant story or a quotation from a well-known person or work. Pick something that is engaging in its own right, but that also creates a connection to your research paper's central thesis.

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Writing a research paper is a challenge for many high school and college students. One of the biggest hang-ups many students have is getting started. Finding a topic and doing the research may be half the battle, but putting words to paper or starting an introduction often proves to be an intimidating task.

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What is a research paper? A research paper is a piece of academic writing based on its author’s original research on a particular topic, and the analysis and interpretation of the research findings. It can be either a term paper, a master’s thesis or a doctoral dissertation. This Chapter outlines the logical steps to writing a good research paper. A research paper is different from an essay because a research paper is an extended anlysis based on data and evidence Establishing a strong, authoritative tone in your research paper means.

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As such, they need help in starting a research paper. Basically, if you need to know how to start a research paper, you have to start by knowing how to write the first sentences. This is because these first sentences play a very important role of grabbing the attention of your audience. This is very area specific. I'll start with the caveat that I write papers in computer science, so YMMV. The way I think about introductions (which is not to say they are GOOD introductions) is that they tell the story of the paper in brief.