However, critics are divided over the importance of his writings; some maintain that Stalin simply regurgitated Marxist doctrine as it had already been interpreted by Vladimir Lenin, leader of the Bolshevik movement.
Nonetheless, Stalin created for himself as leader a supreme status that gave rise to a cult-like following despite his renowned tyranny. Stalin was born in the small town of Gori, in czarist Georgia, in His father, a poor shoemaker, was an abusive alcoholic who was killed in a brawl when Stalin was eleven years old.
His mother was an illiterate peasant who, after his father's death, prepared Stalin to enter the Orthodox priesthood. Stalin entered the Tiflis Theological Seminary when he was fourteen, but he was expelled in because of his involvement in a revolutionary anti-czarist group. A year later he was arrested and sent to a prison in Siberia, from which he escaped in , returning to the underground Marxist movement in Tiflis.
When Russian Marxism split into two factions—the radical Bolsheviks and the more moderate Menshiviks—Stalin sided with the Bolsheviks, thus aligning himself with Lenin and other major party leaders. Beginning in he attended several international conferences of the Russian Social Democrats, where he was first introduced to Lenin. In the following years Stalin was arrested and imprisoned on several instances; each time he escaped.
The following year he began writing for the party newspaper Pravda, under the pseudonym Joseph Stalin, which means "man of steel. In fact, most historians agree that Stalin played a rather insignificant role in the first years following the revolution; he was appointed People's Commissar for Nationalities and was a military commissar during the civil war of Although Lenin valued Stalin for his organizational abilities and appointed him to the post of general secretary, a powerful position, Stalin's emphasis on Russian nationalism made Lenin uncomfortable.
Leon Trotsky also quarreled with Stalin on policy and theoretical issues at this time; Lenin usually sided with Trotsky, but as general secretary Stalin's position of power was secure.
Lenin, before his death, allegedly warned other party members about Stalin's potential for abusing power but was too ill to take action. Lenin died in , and within five years Stalin had total control of the party.
His first act was to extinguish Lenin's New Economic Policy NEP —intended to introduce a limited amount of free trade to the Soviet system in order to revive the economy after the civil war—and replace it with his own policy of collectivization, which nationalized the agricultural industry.
Scott was in no position to know what they were up to. He argues that workers were able to use the rise of the purges to control management of the factories, their superiors were put in prison. Scott recalls that some arrests created opportunity for social mobility and shows how the arrests created fear and protests.
Conquest believes that Stalin was to blame for the purges. Its a point of view rather than based upon evidence and is based on his assertions rather than fact. He gives descriptions of what happened in Magnitogorsk. He was writing about how the Purges members who were trying to be seen as revolutionaries but ended up as dictatorial. The revolution in October of was the result of many factors, both long and short term.
However, the role of Lenin was crucial. Many would say that without his leadership of the revolutionaries and actions in , there never would have been a revolution, but just how true is this? How important was Lenin? In , when Lenin was only seventeen years old, his Could the Bolshevik Revolution have taken place without the participation of the founder and perpetual leader of the Bolsheviks?
Really, the question seems too silly to ask. Lenin's fingerprints are all over the October insurrection. However, it is not logically inconceivable that a popular uprising could have taken place against the Provisional Government without the aid of Lenin or his party. It will be contended Lenin had a great impact on Russia and the Russian people with his variety of policies and events that took place during his reign.
Any events or policies had both short and long term effects for everyone. He believed in socialism in one country. After Stalin came into power, his goal was to make Russia a powerful communist country.
To achieve this goal, he felt that Russia needed to rapidly industrialize, since they were years behind advanced countries.
Collectivization meant eliminating individual farms, and placing them in government control. After WW1, Russia was extremely unstable. They had retreated from the war before the allies were victorious. They had lost land and their military was weaker than it already had been. That is until Stalin made the Soviet Union involved in international affairs.
When Stalin was in power, there was no doubt that millions of innocent people had died through his strategies of making Russia more powerful. Stalin wanted to make the Soviet Union an industrial fortress and a strong nationalistic state. He figured to make Russian communism succeed industrial power was immediately needed.
This was to be achieved by creating a command economy, which had meant that the industry was being forced to industrialize. Lenin had previously destroyed the power of private businesses to create a manageable industry. Therefore, when Stalin came into power, most of the major industries were already in government hands.
Heavy industry was essential for defense and for supplying agricultural tractors and combines. Stalin had believed that equality and democracy had to wait until the Soviet Union had a thriving industrial economy. Where within a five-year period, each business was given a target that it must reach.
Stalin, Joseph (Born Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili) Soviet dictator. Stalin led the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics as absolute dictator for twenty-four years.
Free stalin papers, essays, and research papers. Stalin's Worldview and the Application of Communism - Introduction This essay investigates to what extent Josef Stalin’s personal and political worldviews shape and reflect his application of Communism.
But in spite of his cruel methods, Joseph Stalin deserves the title of the ‘Father of the USSR’, for industrializing the country, collectivizing its agriculture and making the Soviet Union more active in international affairs. - This essay will compare the three leaders who are famous for their dictatorship and totalitarianism during the 30's decade-Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini and Joseph Stalin.
Feb 03, · Soviet Union Leader: Joseph Stalin Essay Words | 5 Pages Joseph Stalin’s three decade long dictatorship rule that ended in , left a lasting, yet damaging imprint on the Soviet Union in political, economic and social terms. Joseph Stalin was born Joseph Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili on Dec 21st in Gori, Georgia of the Soviet Union to Vissarion (Beso) and Ekaterina Dzhugashvili. His .