Nationalism has its pros and cons like every ideology. It makes people to love and respect their country, but at the same time it makes them to think that their nation is supreme. This love often develops into fanatic one, when it created such people as kamikaze in Japan. In the past century nationalism became a weapon against nations when it caused two world wars.
World War Two was the last drop which overflowed the world society. Thus, nationalist tendencies are usually blamed. The Industrial Revolution was a universal process, but it started in Great Britain in the second half of the eighteenth century. It was caused with the invention of a steam engine and a few technical innovations of that period in metallurgy and textile industry.
The Industrial Revolution became a conversion from the manual production to the industrial factories and plants. It declined the number of workers but increased their role in society. Aristocracy was not an absolute power elite, when captains of industry became more important. This had a direct influence on the following bourgeois revolutions in Europe and the end feudal period.
Agricultural economy was replaced by industrial economy. England became urbanized country with industrial society. Being a motherland for the industrial revolution made Great Britain the world workshop that formed the united nation and powerful domestic market. Basically, it made England the most developed country all over the world.
The competition was started when the same industrial revolutions took place in Germany, France and the USA. However, the United Kingdom was the most comfortable place for the industrial revolution. Being the biggest colonial empire in the world, Great Britain used all the riches of its colonies for the industry development.
For instance, cotton and developments of the new weaving looms made textile industry a breadwinner for the English nation. James Watt who invented the first steam engine made a breakthrough not only in metallurgy, but in all spheres of industry and transportation.
It gave birth to steam locomotives and steamships. The same industrial revolution began in France, however it was a little delayed because of the bourgeois revolution.
Economic chaos after this revolution prevented France from catching up with England. Thus, because of revolutions and economic blockade of Great Britain provided by Napoleon, France only fall behind and achieved the progress only fifty years later after the United Kingdom.
As for Germany it also underwent the industrial revolution, but made it even later, than France. However, the it was a much more successful and made Germany next world workshop replacing England. As opposed to France, this delay in technical industrial development was not caused by revolution, but with isolation of Germany and absence of fleet.
Additionally, Germans were trying to use only their own developments while France initially used English machines. Also German industrial revolution was different from English and French revolutions with respect to society.
There were no cardinal changes in German society due to the industrial revolution, and industrial society appeared according to numerous reforms. Preparing for wars usually accelerated industrial development in Germany. The main specific feature of the industrial revolution in the USA was that there was no need to transfer from a feudal system to capitalistic one. The USA was just created state without those customs and old order that Europe had. Another thing, which promoted American technical revolution was its isolation from Europe.
This and constant population increase speed up the development of the USA. Being mostly agricultural country, the USA became technically developed, especially after the Civil war and the abolition of slavery. The industrial revolution would be also delayed if there were no such distinguished inventors as Edison, Singer, Morse and many others.
The Industrial Revolution led to the growth of cities as people moved from rural areas into urban communities in search of work. The changes brought by the Industrial Revolution overturned not only traditional economies, but also whole societies.
Economic changes caused far-reaching social changes, including the movement of people to cities, the availability of a greater variety of material goods, and new ways of doing business. The Industrial Revolution was the first step in modern economic growth and development. Economic development was combined with superior military technology to make the nations of Europe and their cultural offshoots, such as the United States, the most powerful in the world in the 18th and 19th centuries.
The Industrial Revolution began in Great Britain during the last half of the 18th century and spread through regions of Europe and to the United States during the following century.
In the 20th century industrialization on a wide scale extended to parts of Asia and the Pacific Rim. Today mechanized production and modern economic growth continue to spread to new areas of the world, and much of humankind has yet to experience the changes typical of the Industrial Revolution.
The Industrial Revolution is called a revolution because it changed society both significantly and rapidly. Over the course of human history, there has been only one other group of changes as significant as the Industrial Revolution.
This is what anthropologists call the Neolithic Revolution, which took place in the later part of the Stone Age.
- Industrial Revolution as a Time of Change The Industrial Revolution was a time of drastic change that transformed hand tools and hand made items to machine manufactured and produced goods. Inventions brought on the most .
Industrial Revolution The Industrial Revolution began over years ago. It changed the way in which many products, including cloth and textiles, were manufactured. It is called a "revolution" beacuse the changes it caused were great and sudden. It greatly affected the way people lived and worked.5/5(19).
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Essay on Industrial Revolution. Industrial revolution describes the period between and , in which tremendous changes characterized by developments in textile, iron were realized. The revolution was spearheaded by Britain. Modern historians refer to these changes as the first industrial revolution (Clark, ). The second revolution . While the early modern period that preceded the industrial revolution saw the growth of London and trade, the period of the later ’s saw the north of England experience something of a re‑birth, as a direct result of the industrial revolution.