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What Is the Difference Between Inductive Research and Deductive Research?

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❶You can browse or download additional books there. This area fuels intense debate and discussion between many fields of scientific specialization.

This article is a part of the guide:

Generating and Analyzing the Data
What Are Independent Groups in Psychology?
Inductive Approaches and Some Examples

The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition in 2004 published a systematic review of meta-analyses and clinical trials on dietary supplements for weight loss by complementary medicine researchers at the Universities of Exeter and Plymouth.

None of the over-the-counter weight loss aids worked, including garcinia cambogia. Late in 2010 the peer-reviewed Journal of Obesity published a meta-analysis of studies testing the garcinia as a weight loss aid.

What Is Systematic Observation in Psychology?

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Application of Deductive Approach (Deductive Reasoning) in Business Research. In studies with deductive approach, the researcher formulates a set of hypotheses at the start of the research. Then, relevant research methods are chosen and applied to test the hypotheses to prove them right or wrong.

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In logic, we often refer to the two broad methods of reasoning as the deductive and inductive approaches. Deductive reasoning works from the more general to the more specific. Sometimes this is informally called a "top-down" approach. We might begin with thinking up a theory about our topic of interest.

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The main difference between inductive and deductive approaches to research is that whilst a deductive approach is aimed and testing theory, an inductive approach is concerned with the generation of new theory emerging from the data. Reasoning methods and Argumentation The main division between forms of reasoning that is made in philosophy is between deductive reasoning and inductive reasoning. Formal logic has been described as 'the science of deduction'. The study of inductive reasoning is generally carried out within the field known as informal logic or critical thinking.

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Deductive research aims to test an existing theory while inductive research aims to generate new theories from observed data. Deductive research works from the more general to the more specific, and inductive research works from more specific observations to more general theories. Inductive and Deductive Research Approaches 5 and quantitative with exploratory and confirmatory to more clearly reflect the relationship between the two methodologies. The methods may be different but the goals remain the same.