University of South Carolina Press, , https: Alice Walker Literary Society. Retrieved June 15, Biography Reference Bank database. Retrieved April 10, Retrieved March 12, A Biography of the Spirit. The Life of Zora Neale Hurston. Retrieved June 14, Retrieved 23 October Archived at the Wayback Machine. The New York Times. Retrieved February 10, Archived from the original on April 9, Retrieved February 12, January 9, , p. Retrieved August 1, Dershowitz June 21, David Icke and Malcolm X".
The Independent on Sunday. Archived from the original on November 30, Archived from the original on May 11, Archived from the original on June 13, The Birth of the Klan During Reconstruction. The University of North Carolina Press.
Will I lose myself? The African American Experience. Archived from the original on Retrieved May 26, Alice Walker and Calixthe Beyala". Journal of Third World Studies.
Southern women on spirituality. University of Alabama Press. National Coalition of Black Women. Archived from the original on March 14, Find more about Alice Walker at Wikipedia's sister projects. Works by Alice Walker. In Search of Our Mothers' Gardens Pulitzer Prize for Fiction. National Book Award for Fiction — Complete list — — — Clitoridectomy Dysmenorrhea Dyspareunia Gishiri cutting Husband stitch Infibulation Keloid scars Pelvic inflammatory disease Rectovaginal fistula Vesicovaginal fistula.
American novelist, short—story writer, essayist, poet, critic, and editor. Although she is not primarily known as a poet, Walker has earned much critical praise for her five verse collections, which contain poems ranging in theme and tone from intensely personal meditations on depression, isolation, and pregnancy to very public calls for social revolution for women and people of color.
But whether dealing with the public or the private, Walker's poetry is admired for its ability to tap into universal truths and emotions common to all people regardless of color or gender. Walker was born and raised in Eatonton, Georgia, where her father was a sharecropper. When she was eight years old her brother shot her with his BB gun, leaving her scarred and blind in one eye. The disfigurement made Walker shy and self-conscious, leading her to try writing to express herself.
The accident also had a permanent effect on her relationship with her father; because of his inability to obtain proper medical treatment for her, they remained estranged for the rest of his life. In contrast, Walker has noted that she respected her mother's strength and perseverance in the face of poverty, recalling how hard her mother worked in her garden to create beauty in even the shabbiest of conditions.
Despite her disadvantaged childhood, Walker won the opportunity to continue her education with a scholarship to Spelman College. She attended Spelman for two years but became disenchanted with what she considered its puritanical atmosphere and transferred to Sarah Lawrence College in Bronxville, New York, to complete her education.
There Walker wrote her first collection of poetry, Once , in reaction to an unplanned pregnancy and subsequent abortion. Walker shared the poems with one of her teachers, the poet Muriel Rukeyser, whose agent found a publisher for them.
After college, Walker moved to Mississippi to work as a teacher and civil-rights advocate. In she married Melvyn Leventhal, a Jewish civil-rights attorney; they became the first legally married interracial couple to reside in Jackson, Mississippi. They divorced some years later. While working in Mississippi, Walker discovered the writing of Zora Neale Hurston, who would have a great influence on Walker's later work. A Zora Neale Hurston Reader In addition to poetry, Walker has written short stories, collected in In Love and Trouble and You Can't Keep a Good Woman Down , and several novels, most notably The Color Purple , which received both the Pulitzer Prize for fiction and the American Book Award and was made into an award-winning film in Walker's first collection of poems, Once , was precipitated by her pregnancy and abortion while she was in her senior year at Sarah Lawrence.
Very personal and despairing, the poems recount Walker's confusion, isolation, and thoughts of suicide and were initially intended to be a kind of therapy while she worked through her problems.
In her second volume, Revolutionary Petunias , she turned to more public issues, particularly civil and women's rights, while maintaining a direct, personal voice in the poems, which often focused on an individual's struggles on a daily basis to preserve dignity and liberty despite hardship and oppression. A young, black, single mother becomes involved with the Civil Rights movement, coupling self-determinism with a commitment to poor black people in the South.
Meridian Hill grows up in the South, marries a high school boyfriend, becomes pregnant, and has a son. She experiences mixed feelings about motherhood, often fantasizing about killing the baby. After her husband leaves her, Meridian lives in emotional limbo, daydreaming and watching television—on which, one morning, she sees that the nearby house where the voter registration drives are organized has been bombed. She decides to volunteer to work with the movement, more out of curiosity about what the people are like than from any political ideology.
One of the workers is Truman Held, a man with whom Meridian will have an ongoing, although stormy, relationship. Because of her unusually high intelligence, Meridian is offered a scholarship to Saxon College, and when she discovers that Truman attends college in Atlanta, his potential proximity becomes a motivating factor in her decision to accept it.
Against the protests of her mother, Meridian gives away her baby, believing that he will be better off with someone else, and leaves for Saxon College.
As a former wife and mother, Meridian is not the socially preferred virginal Saxon girl. The world beyond Saxon seems to contradict itself as well. Truman becomes involved with a white exchange student, Lynne, a baffling development to Meridian. One of those homecomings leaves Meridian pregnant, and she suffers a subsequent abortion alone, never telling Truman.
Although Meridian ultimately reconciles spiritually with Truman, she must learn to love and accept him and Lynne in the act of letting them go. Letting go becomes a discipline that Meridian perfects as her purpose matures. When the movement demands that she vow to kill for it if need be, Meridian cannot comply.
She realizes her willingness to sacrifice and even die for the cause, but when she cannot say what the group wants to hear, Meridian lets them go. She returns to the South, where she lives a spartan life of emotional wealth, working for poor black people in small, everyday ways.
Such seemingly insignificant protests, in fact, come to define the Civil Rights movement for many people. Again, Walker extracts the political from the personal. Meridian is not perfect, however; her physical maladies and her guilt concerning her mother and child combine effectively to cripple her until she determines to move toward a life of work with which she is morally comfortable. Only then does her strength return. By her example, Truman comes to see the power in her life and dedicates himself to similar work.
Meridian proclaims that true revelation comes from personal change and growth. Although the novel deals with a particular political time period, implications of moral responsibility, love, and sacrifice transcend the specific, making Meridian a novel of timely worth. The novel takes the form of letters: The letters afford the characters the opportunity to speak in their own voices, their own unique language. Woven into the letters as well are details of day-to-day farming life in the South that involves racism and economic hardship.
Shug is beautiful, stubborn, and independent—traits that Celie has never seen in a woman. The feeling between them intensifies, and Shug and Celie become lovers for a time. It is Shug who discovers and procures the years of letters from Nettie hidden in Mr. Although it intensifies her hate for Mr.
This new Celie eventually makes peace with Mr. For all the praise it received, The Color Purple also received much criticism for its negative portrayals of black men. Traynor becomes a pitiable character, as victimized by the entertainment industry as Gracie Mae—more so, in that he lacks her sense of self-worth.
Over the years, Traynor gives Gracie Mae a car, a farm, a house, and countless other presents in an attempt to return some of the wealth her talent helped him attain.
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Alice Walker (born February 9, ) is an American novelist, short story writer, poet, and activist. The scar tissue was removed when Walker was 14, but a mark still remains and is described in her essay "Beauty: When the Other Dancer is the Self.". Alice Walker essays In Alice Walker's "The Flowers" the reader is introduced to a child named Myop. The story describes her walk through the woods that leads her to a dead body. The last line of the story is "And the summer was over." Not only does it mean that the seasons.
Free Essay: “The Flowers” by Alice Walker is a short story written in the ’s. The story focuses on Myop, a ten year old African American girl who loves. Alice Walker: Alice Walker, American writer whose novels, short stories, and poems are noted for their insightful treatment of African American culture. Her novels, most notably the Pulitzer Prize-winning The Color Purple (), focus particularly on women. Learn more about Walker’s life and career.