Crime has been there for a long time and has been defined and been punished in different ways. What constitutes a crime has also been reviewed. A good example is freedom of worship. Many people were not allowed to worship any other gods and did it secrecy due to fear of prosecution and being labeled a heretic. In present times one is allowed to worship any god and believe in whoever they please. Generallycrime is a wide topic and has been vigorously studied in different aspects butin this essay I am going to focus mainly on the major objectives of crime prevention, typologies of crime reduction, law enforcement and crime, recidivism of crime and interventions on reduction of crime.
Crime reduction is quite similar to crime prevention, for crime reduction to occur we need to prevent it at first. Crime prevention strategies are usually implemented by criminal justice agencies, individuals, businesses and non-governmental agencies in order to maintain order and enforce the law. Crime prevention strategies not only deter crime but also reduce the risk of increasing victimization in the society. Crime prevention has many objectives but the most main objective is to reduce and deter crime.
Many criminal justice agencies have developed strategies through public policy in order to prevent crime. Various models have been adopted by countries in order to combat crime. Kenya for example has enforced the Nyumbakumi initiative community policing spear headed by Kaguthi in order to combat crime. By this strategy neighbors are supposed to be readily aw e and watchful of what happens in the neighborhood in order to deter criminals from committing crimes.
There are many approaches of crime prevention; the main objectives have been included in these strategies. These strategies are situational crime prevention strategy, environmental crime prevention, social crime prevention, developmental crime prevention, policing strategies, and community crime prevention strategies.
The environmental prevention strategy was first introduced by C. Ray Jeffery a criminologist. Environmental crime prevention strategy main objective is to protect the environment which entails wildlife, Nature and the atmosphere. Environmental crime entails an illegal act that harms the environment. Many international bodies such as Interpol and the UN have recognized environmental crime due to the havoc it has causedthe environment, Types of environmental crime may include dumping hazardous waste in the ocean, illegal wild life trade of endangered species, smuggling, emitting chemicals those ozone layer and illegal logging of trees.
There many crimes associated with environmental crime but I am going to focus on the two main which affect many countries which is illegal trade of wildlife and logging of tress. Many counties have been trying to fight this crime. Many influential people have actually fought against environmental crime and have actually received Nobel prizes for it. The late Wangari Maathai who was an activist for the environment was highly against illegal logging of trees.
In fact she proposed that for every tree that was cut down, three should beplanted. Prevention strategies have been implemented in order to combat crime. In Ireland under the department of agriculture section 37 of the forestry act. It is illegal to uproot any tree over ten years old or cut down any tree of any age agriculture, Illegal wildlife trade is also a major problem. Kenya has had this problem for years, being one of the countries that harbors endangered species such as the white rhino and elephants.
It has faced a lot of problems in trying to combat this problem. Many poachers are killing these animals and selling the tusks of these animals for high prices. Elephant poaching was made illegal in , and hunting without a permit in Kenya has roughened sentencing through increasing fines. Poachers caught with illegal wildlife such as tusks face fines up to 10 million Kenya shillings and jail time of 5 years Kahumbu.
Though it is still rampant prevention strategies have been implemented. Hebelieved that crime was learned. Situational crime prevention strategy is deeply rooted in theories such as routine activity theory, crime pattern theory and rational choice theory. Situational crime prevention strategy focuses on mainly reducing crime by providing settings in which it is less conducive for criminals to attack.
Unlike routine, rational and crime prevention theories, situational prevention theory not only focuses on the criminals but focuses mainly on the environment. A good example of how criminal justice agencies have applied this strategy is by ensuring that their heavy surveillance in the cities in order to deter criminals from committing crimes.
In Kenya the Government has installed cameras on the traffic lights in order to record criminal activity and find corrupt road traffic users Okere, The Cameras not only deter people from committing crimes but also helps the police to. A study done in Nairobi by Stephen Okere found out that He also found that the traffic cameras also helped in curbing crime Okere, The main objective of this crime prevention strategy isto protect people from criminals through providing or ensuring there are safety measures such as surveillance cameras.
Social crime prevention is a strategy that addresses the direct root causes of crime. The main objective of social crime prevention is on the social elements that have lead people to commit this crimes, these elements may include breakdown in familyvalues and ignorance.
Lack of cohesion and environmental conditions. Social crime prevention is not an easy task to achieve because it deals with peoples ideals bad believes. The only way to create a society that is peaceful is to start from the beginning. This means ensuring that schooling from young age is given much importance. A good example of how governments have done this is by ensuring that the curriculum in nursery schools teaches children values of what wrong and what is right.
For example, they have counsellor and can help people look at getting a trade job when they are released from prison. The second view point says some people think there are other ways to reduce crime in the community other than longer prison sentences. One thing we could do is having groups put in the community. For example, making it mandatory that people who have committed a crime go to a counsellor. Another thing we could do is helping them get jobs and therefore they do not feel they need to commit a crime to get by in life.
For example, people will steal because they may not be able to afford money for groceries. In my opinion I believe there are other ways for people to receive the help they need so they do not commit crimes other than jail. No matter what people do not want to go to prison but they still end up there. We need to look at other ways for keeping them out.
It may be the only thing they know and some prisoners spend half there life there. Keeping them in prison does not teach them anything, it just keeps them there longer but eventually they will get out and do the same thing again cause that is all they know. In conclusion there are many different ways we can keep crime low. Some people believe longer prison sentences but I believe there is another alternative than that.
They are from the Academic and General Test. You can also post t…. Hello, It's been a long time. I noticed I wasn't good enough and I spent several weeks to enhance my writing. Please judge my latest one. Free online lessons, strategies and tips to help you understand the IELTS reading module and achieve a high score. Crime Essays by Ali Iran. Mar 08, Very good Crime Essays by: Mar 19, Excellent by: Apr 12, turtle porn by: Anonymous very very very very gooooooooooooooooood.
Sep 26, superbbb Crime Essay by: Oct 13, The best Crime Essays by: Helped me a lot. Jan 26, excellent by: Anonymous I agree for what is being said we need to protect the society and our families against crime. KillerHuller It's great but there's one mistake.
Jul 10, Some queries about Crime Essays by: Alpine witch Very nicely written but if my understanding is correct: Shouldn't there be three parts to the discussion? First part dealing with people's view on How more efforts should be made to counteract the rising crime rate, a second part addressing how and why others believe not much can be done in this regard and a third part dealing with the writers views. I see you've only discussed the solutions, I can't tell what promoted you to do so from looking at the statement to provide those I'm still trying to get a hang of it.
In my opinion one is required to provide a simple two way view over the issue. Also I dont see a paraphrased introduction, and what your essay will be dealing with. Can that be skipped? Sep 05, stop crime by: Oct 14, superb Crime Essay by: Dec 14, Good by: Feb 09, L by: Mar 27, Excellent Crime Essay by: May 24, Increase of crime by: Jun 01, Grammar mistake by: Anonymous Well written but I have sported one grammar mistake.
It should be be "in my mind and not "to my mind". Jun 26, Revised Format by: Anonymous Many people are too scared to leave their home because of a fear of crime. The everincreasing number of crime rates is alarming and a cause of concern for many, the world over. While some people demand effective measures to curb crime, others maintain that crime cannot be stopped.
This essay discusses both the views and arrives at an opinion. To begin with, there is a widespread belief among many that little can be done to contain crime. They argue that when poverty and the widening gap between the rich and the poor are prevalent in many nations,it is literally impossible to stop criminal offences. In actual fact, crime derives from social anarchy and disequilibrium in the society. Countries like Libiya and Somalia are classic examples for this, where the society is in complete disarray.
As such, it is irrational to assume that crime can be contained. However, the call to develop new strategies to prevent crime is gaining ground around the globe.
One of the measures is installing surveillance cameras on every major street. This will help the police to monitor unusual activities and plan a prompt response to any negative incidents. In addition, increasing the number of police personnel would also serve the purpose. This will help to deploy more forces and ensures regular night patrolling of the neighborhood. Implementation of these strategies seem to be a great idea to curtail crime. In conclusion, pessimists maintain that crime cannot be controlled as long as poverty is prevalent.
However, I believe that crime can be limited with the aid of strict surveillance and an increase in police scrutiny of the localities with additional deployment of forces. It is hoped that one day the world will become crime free and everyone will live without fear, though it seems very much like an utopian dream. Jun 26, Crime Essays - Revised Format by: Violent Crime and Youngsters by Sara Recent figures show an increase in violent crime among youngsters under the age of Dec 07, Review by: I assume that you are from Canada.
I reviewed your essay and found several grammatical mistakes. First, I will write down every mistake that I found. I am not an English teacher and English is not my first language, but as much as I have read in English, those following details seemed incorrect. Capitalized words is the way I would write. WHICH is the famous.. However, in second paragraph, "first of all" should begin the paragraph, otherwise the first sentence does not make sense.
I think you should avoid using word HATE. I would also suggest to look up for some synonyms for young adult, children, 18 year old. Thanks for reviewing my essay. Dec 07, reply for your comment by: Sara Thank you for checking my essay, and your comments are absolutely true, but it is difficult to notice them when you are writing quickly.
How about my coherence and cohesive? I am asking you this question because I always have troubles with them. Also, if you did the exam and score 7 in writing, please give me some advices in practicing and for my writing to reach this score?
Dec 11, Youth crime by: Although parents and teachers play a crucial role, it must not to be forgotten that the government should also play their part. This essay will examine both views. This was when it was literally set into stone that numerous acts became a crime against God, the first rules of the world. Crimes are now defined as crimes with the help of the legal system and certain pieces of legislature and cannot always necessarily be traced back to the Ten Commandments.
Crime now has abundant definitions, the most obvious being crime as criminal law violation. However it has recently become extremely difficult to determine what is now perceived as a crime. Crime has no universal or objective existence but is relative to the subjective contingencies of social and historical circumstance, this is crime as historical intervention.
For example, causing death of another individual, whether by neglect or with full intention is a crime, however it is almost justifiable and on many occasions heroic when practised in warfare. This is reiterated with the recent poaching ban, poaching only became criminalised through the convergence of new class and power interests in the 18th Century. Acts which are perfectly legal here may be serious crimes in other countries and vice versa.
Classicism is the theory that the punishment for a crime should reflect the severity of said crime. This concept was developed during the transition from feudalism to capitalism and is a strong believer that each individual chooses whether to commit a crime or not as every person is raised in society that outlines the difference between right and wrong. The criticism for this concept is argued that at what age do you become criminally responsible, for example the horrific act of the two young boys that committed a severe crime when kidnapping and torturing Jamie Bulger.
The boys were eleven at the time, therefore as children they unfortunately served half the period of time that an adult would have if they had committed this crime due to the legal system believing they were not fully responsible as they had been raised in broken homes.
The contrasting theory to this is that of Positivism, the scientific approach to crime. This concept developed by Lombroso attempts to look at the genetic or biological explanation for a criminal gene. This concept is harshly criticised as many members of the public deem this as treating criminality as an illness. This became the birth of criminology. Crime can also be defined as social harm.
For example, we ask the question are tobacco companies selling harmful products that are in turn, effectively killing us, murderers.
This essay will attempt to grasp the concept of ‘What Is Crime’ using sources available from various locations, such as books and journals. Hollin, C. (, pp) explains that “crime cannot be explained solely by psychological theory” and therefore goes on to state three main approaches which attempts to explain what crime is.
Crime is always socially defined leading to competing views and extensive debate. In this essay I will be focusing on defining crime in terms of legal definitions and also defining crimes in terms of sociological definitions, which can be argued to be the main to focuses when attempting to answer this question.
Crime is categorized as violent, public order or property crime in the criminal justice statistics. Violent crimes consist of assault, sexual violence, robbery, kidnapping or abduction and homicide. Robbery to some extent is a property crime. To help us understand what makes a crime a crime, Cesare Lombroso, an Italian criminologist introduced to the idea of positivism, the social reaction to classicism. Classicism is the theory that the punishment for a crime should reflect the .
joylcd - IELTS Essay - Ways to Reduce Crime by: Anonymous Certain people believe that a longer life imprisonment is the best possible way to eliminate the increasing criminality rate in our society, however, some believe that there are other ways to . Generallycrime is a wide topic and has been vigorously studied in different aspects butin this essay I am going to focus mainly on the major objectives of crime prevention, typologies of crime reduction, law enforcement and crime, recidivism of crime and interventions on reduction of crime.