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Writing an essay

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What is an essay?

Essay Structure
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Essays are usually written for an intelligent but uninformed audience, so begin with some context: The most important part of the introduction is the response to the question: Thesis statements are discussed in detail here: An introduction often ends on the thesis statement.

It begins with a broad statement and gradually narrows down until it directly addresses the question:. This order of introduction elements is not set in stone, however. Sometimes the thesis statement is followed by a breakdown of the essay's structure and organisation. Ultimately, you must adapt the order to suit the needs of each particular essay.

Strong introductions tell the reader how the upcoming body paragraphs will be organised. This can be as easy as outlining the major points that your essay will make on the way to the conclusion. You don't need to go into much detail in the introduction: The essay will be much more readable once the reader knows what to expect from the body paragraphs.

See sample essay 1 and sample essay 2 for model introductions. Have a study or assignment writing question? Alumni Merchandise Chapters Benefits more News Latest releases Research news University news more Events and key dates Albany campus Manawatu campus Wellington campus more Jobs Academic General Staff benefits more History of the University - - - more Calendar more Courses Programme search Paper search Course advice more Academic teaching timetables Timetable planner Building codes more Examinations Exam timetable Exam venues Key exam dates more Library Find information Library services Help and instruction more PhD and doctoral degree administration Doctoral handbook Administration forms Citations more Support for researchers Funding opportunities Guide to managing research Resources more Enrolment Online enrolment Enrolment forms International students more Entry requirements New Zealand citizens Australian students International students more Fees Calculator Programme fees International student fees more A succession of well-structured paragraphs can help to create a coherent and logical argument.

You need to consider the purpose of each paragraph:. Your conclusion is the final paragraph of writing in an assignment. It must summarise very briefly every important idea you have discussed in your work as well as draw conclusions based upon the evidence you have presented.

You need to make sure that you have directly answered the question. It is always useful to link your conclusions back to the essay title.

You can use the grid below to help you structure your conclusion. The right-hand column can be used for you to make a note of your own ideas. Page maintained by Philip Adams. Structuring an introduction, a paragraph and a conclusion. The 'idea into sentence' chart. How to write in an academic style. How to summarise, paraphrase and use direct quotations.

Using and developing new vocabulary. Tips for when you don't want to write. Structuring an introductory paragraph Introduce the context or background to the topic: Perhaps you could explain the title in your own words or use a quotation from an author who offers a supporting or contradictory statement about your topic area. What is the purpose of writing about this topic?

Is there a problem or controversy with the topic? Are you using any complex terminology or acronyms that need defining? Try to use a working definition from an expert in your subject area rather than referring to a general dictionary definition. Introduce the main ideas that stem from your topic:

Structuring a conclusion

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Writing an academic essay means fashioning a coherent set of ideas into an argument. Because essays are essentially linear—they offer one idea at a time—they must present their ideas in the order that makes most sense to a reader. Successfully structuring an essay means attending to a reader's logic.

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How is an essay structured? In order for your essay to be convincing and make sense, it needs to be presented inside a well structured piece of writing. How do you do this within the framework of an essay's general structure of Introduction, Body, Conclusion? Firstly, you need to be clear about what elements you should include within these three .

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An introduction is like a guidebook to your whole assignment. It gives background information into your topic area and outlines all the ideas you are going to present. Remember that most introductions will be about 10% of the final essay and will include some or all of the following. Sep 03,  · Structure your introduction effectively. An essay introduction is fairly formulaic, and will have the same basic elements regardless of your subject matter or academic discipline. While it's short, it conveys a lot of information%(79).

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The introduction to an essay has three primary objectives: explain the context of the essay, give the response to the question or the overall focus of the essay (the thesis statement), and describe the structure and organisation of the essay. Structure of an Essay: Introduction, Body paragraphs, Conclusion The creation of a professional essay requires a lot of knowledge form the writer, but the first thing to know and to remember is the peculiarity of the essay’s structure.