Some examples of descriptive research include case studies and preliminary observation of a group. Case studies are examples of a relevant event that can be analyzed to learn about a specific group or topic. Observation is an essential part of descriptive research, and is the main way of gathering information. Descriptive research includes both quantitative and qualitative data and uses these types of data to describe the population being observed.
For example, someone interested in why certain groups of trees are dying, while others of the same type and in the same location are thriving, can observe the trees and their surrounding environment to come to a preliminary decision. At its core, this is descriptive research. Descriptive research is mostly used in the beginning of researching a topic or phenomenon.
Observation provides the initial information needed for the researcher to form a hypothesis about the topic. Someone who is studying the effects of a river on wildlife can observe the wildlife near and far from the river to come up with a few basic ideas about how the two items are connected.
This information is valuable as the research moves into is next steps, where experiments find more provable, concrete data. Quick Answer Some examples of descriptive research include case studies and preliminary observation of a group.
It can also often remove the barriers of strict academic approaches as the researcher witnesses how others experience an event. Confidentiality is the primary weakness of descriptive research. Often subjects are not truthful as they feel the need to tell the researcher what they think the researcher might want to hear.
This can be particularly difficult during in-person interviews. Participants may also refuse to provide answers to questions they view to be too personal. Further, the idea that someone is watching can turn an observation into an event where people are acting how they perceive they should act or speak. Descriptive research also presents the possibility for error and subjectivity. For example, when a researcher designs a questionnaire, questions are predetermined and prescriptive.
Overcoming a research bias is an extreme difficulty for descriptive research practitioners. Therefore, those who choose to use a descriptive research approach must be aware of their own influence on the outcome of the research.
Janine Murphy has worked since as a researcher, and editor for academic theses. She completed her Masters of Arts in cultural history in at Memorial University of Newfoundland and is one year away from completing her Ph.
The database based on Word Net is a lexical database for the English Language. References Center for Innovation in Research: What is Descriptive Research?
Descriptive research design is a valid method for researching specific subjects and as a precursor to more quantitative studies. Whilst there are some valid concerns about the statistical validity, as long as the limitations are understood by the researcher, this type of study is an invaluable scientific tool.
Qualitative descriptive design in most cases provides important leads in identifying needed tactics and changes within the instructional design. Because of the various data analysis techniques applied to survey research, we can not fully assume that all surveys are descriptive in nature.
descriptive designs typically are an eclectic but reasonable combination of sampling, and data collection, analysis, and re-presentation techniques. Qualitative descriptive study is the method of choice when straight descrip-. Supplement for Chapter 14 Qualitative Descriptive Studies M Qualitative descrip-tive designs tend to be eclectic methodologically and are based on the general premises of constructivist inquiry. As an example, there are many qualitative descriptive studies in the 2 Supplement for Chapter 14 Qualitative Descriptive Studies Sandelowski.
Descriptive Research Design: Definition, Examples & Types. Descriptive research is a study designed to depict the participants in an accurate way. More simply put, descriptive research is all. The knowledge and use of qualitative description as a qualitative research approach in health services research is limited. The aim of this article is to discuss the potential benefits of a qualitative descriptive approach, to identify its strengths and weaknesses and to provide examples of use.