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WRITING CHAPTER 3: METHODOLOGY [for Quantitative Research]


❶Try to be as specific as possible. The dependent one is a response that is influenced by the independent treatment.


Excerpt of the 'Data Collection Techniques' sub-section: The Questionnaire was mailed to each respondent selected for the study, accompanied by a cover letter Appendix D and a coded postage-paid, self-addressed return envelope. Respondents were requested to complete the Questionnaire and return it through post within 2 weeks.

A postcard reminder Appendix E was sent to each recipient of the Questionnaire. According to Suskie , reminding recipients to complete the Questionnaire contributes to the likelihood of of doubling the initial response rate after the first mailing Generally, you have 3 options: The population for this study comprised all human resourcse directors in banks in the state of Sabah. Eligibility criteria specify the characteristics that people in the population must have 10 years experience in their organsiation to be included in the study.

In this study, the sample participants had to aged 50 and above, had a masters degree, been in their present position for at least 5 years and willing to participate in the study. Some experts suggest that pilot-tests are not important for qualitative research while others suggest it would be useful for novice researchers to do pilot-test.

For example, if you are using interviews for the first time, it would advisable for you to conduct interview as a pre-exercise to get used to the type of data collection. The pilot test will assist the researcher in determining if there are flaws, limitations, or other weaknesses within the interview design and enable the researcher to make necessary revisions prior to the implementation of the study.

However, the informants or participants involved in the pilot-test should similar to the informants involved in the final study. It has also been suggested that the pilot test can the researcher with the refinement of research questions. Excerpt for 'Pilot Study': A pilot-study was conducted with 3 senior managers and were interviewed at their workplace. The interview was audio-recorded to ensure correct use of the device.

During the exercise, attention was given to body language and non-verbal responses and the manner of asking questions. As the researcher was the main data collection instrument, the pilot-study provided an insight into phenomenon studied, increased experience in interviewing as well as enhanced interpersonal skills.

Also errors in interviewing skills were rectified and not repeated in the main study. This chapter discussed the research methodology of the study and described the research design, population, sample, data-collection instrument and ethical considerations. Chapter 4 covers the data analysis. As mentioned earlier, in Chapter 3, you write about the research design, data collection methods, selection of the sample, the pilot test, instrumentation and others.

Academic Phrasebank by Dr. John Morley, The University of Manchester. Contents of Module 5: Show how the method you have chosen helped accomplish the goals of the study. Excerpt of the 'Research Design' sub-section: Did you administer the Questionnaire to the sample by assembling them in one location [such as a classroom, auditorium and so forth]?

Did you make available the Questionnaire online [such as through Survey Monkey]? How was the Interview conducted? Did you conduct the interview and where was it conducted? Use an existing instrument which is available commercially - example is the well-known Eysenck Personality Test Adapt an existing instrument to meet your needs - describe in detail how you adapted the instrument. How many instruments were used?

Are the items divided into sections? What are the sections? What does each section measure? Items 7 to 13 is regarding 'facility maintenance'.

If you intend to make inferences based on the results you obtain from the sample of 10 supervisors to the population, explain how accurately the sample represents the population. Outline the procedures you adopted for selecting the sample of 10 supervisors including justification for the sampling method or sampling procedure; i.

Here you should specify if the research is experimental, quasi-experimental, causal-comparative, correlational, qualitative, quantitative, mixed methods, or another. Try to be as specific as possible. This kind of approach should be defended by comparing with other methods and denying those that do not meet the needs of your study. This section should not be structured as a simple textbook-like description of different research designs, but rather focused on the effort to find the most rational design appropriate to your study.

Base this section on the problem you investigate, the theoretical framework of a study, and its purpose. Include sufficient details to suggest some recommendations about the answers to the core research questions. The main aim of this section is to convince the reader that the chosen approach and research design is maximum appropriate for the desired results. This section should explicate the type of research design you use historical, correlational, phenomenological, etc.

Also, one should justify and demonstrate deviations from the steps necessary to complete the research design. Include a description of the independent variables and dependent variables. The dependent one is a response that is influenced by the independent treatment. Thus, if you are performing a qualitative study, there are no independent and dependent variables.

The research design should establish a strong sequence of the events in a research process. The size of this section depends on the number of experiments performed and results expected. So, the detailed explanation of each method and point should be documented. Include the following elements:. Summarize all you have written in the last part of this section.

The last paragraph should include a short explanation of data analysis. Conclude it with a sentence that would introduce the next chapter of your dissertation. Cool article with much useful information.

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This chapter covers the research design and methodology, including sampling, population, establishing rigour during and after data collection, ethical considerations and data analysis.

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introduce the design of the research and how the data will be collected based on the questions of interest. The material should be presented in a step-by-step fashion (just like a recipe book). Another researcher should be able to replicate the study by reading the Procedures .

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Chapter 3 of your Thesis is given different titles such as 'Research Design', 'Research Methods' and so forth. Here, the title 'Research Methodology' is used in which you describe in detail how you collected the data to answer your research questions stipulated in Chapter 1 - Introduction. Designing the Field Work This research design builds on research done into use of technology and media in the home in the various other spaces using a qualitative research method1. This discussion of the methodology attempts to present some of the specific tools and experiences used to inform the design of the research and the development of an interpretation.

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CHAPTER 3 RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY A survey research design was applied to investigate the research questions. research as “the process of collecting representative sample data from a larger population and using the sample to infer attributes of . CHAPTER 3 - RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY Introduction: The purpose of this chapter is to discuss the research methodology which is followed by researcher for this research study. The research design adopted is a sandwich of descriptive and causal research design. The study comprises a cross sectional analysis by collecting data at once.