There has long been a debate about whether nature or nurture matters more in determining the traits an individual will have.
Nature says that our traits are influenced by genetic inheritance and similar biological factors while nurture is meant as the influence of environmental factors after conception. We know that physical characteristics like eye color, hair color, and height can be attributed to specific genes within our DNA.
But what about emotional or behavioral traits? This sample biological essay from the essay writing services at Ultius examines the question that while some behavioral traits can be traced to certain genes, does our environment play a role in activating those genes? Science tells us that certain traits are most definitely attributed to genetic causes. Other traits to which we can be genetically predisposed include weight, height, life expectancy, hair loss, and vulnerability to certain illnesses McLeod Because these characteristics can be definitively connected to our biology, many speculate on whether or not genetic factors can contribute to behavioral tendencies, mental abilities, and personality traits.
Nativists, those who believe that every characteristic we have is determined only by nature, assume that the characteristics of the human species as a whole are simply a product of evolution and that the things that make us unique are a result of our own specific genetic code. They believe that the characteristics that are not observable at birth, such as personality traits, emerge later as the product of maturation.
We each have a biological clock inside us that turns certain behaviors on and off in a way that is preprogrammed from birth. An example of this would be the way our bodies change during puberty. Nativists also believe that:.
Likewise, Chomsky believed that language is learned through the use of an innate language acquisition device that all humans are born with McLeod In addition, Freud speculated that traits like aggression are engrained in our DNA. Similarly, it is often debated whether or not criminal activity can be linked to a genetic disposition. One of the biggest pieces of supporting evidence for the nature over nurture is the fact that fraternal twins exhibit similar characteristics even when they are raised apart.
Often times, these twins will share behavioral traits as if they were raised together in the same place. Mental health is undoubtedly affected by our biological dispositions. There are similar statistics available for a wide number of mental health conditions. Researchers also tend to place more emphasis on nature when it comes to addiction. Alcoholism, for example, can recur in families and it has been found that certain genes may influence the development of alcoholism and the way alcohol effects the body.
Alternatively, to nativists, empiricists believe that the human mind is a blank slate at birth and any characteristics we develop are a result of our experiences and environment. With point of view speculates that psychological characteristics and our behavioral tendencies are things we learned during our development.
While the concept of maturation applies to the biological development we experience, any psychological growth is a result of the way we are brought up. An example of this would be the way infants form attachment.
The formation of attachment is a direct result of the love and attention a child receives. If they are not given love and attention, the attachment will not develop. Similarly, we learn language by mirroring the speech we hear from others. In addition, Skinner believed that language is something individuals learn from others via behavioral shaping techniques. John Watson, one of the most well-known psychologists to propose environmental learning as the dominating factor in the nature versus nurture debate, feels that our behavioral traits are purely a result of our surroundings and experiences.
He felt that he could condition a new behavior in a child or alter an already existing behavior that is considered to be unfavorable Sincero Watson believed that he could randomly choose any baby out of a group of twelve infants and raise the child to become any type of specialist he chose. Just like nature, nurture affects our mental health, as well.
While someone may have a genetic disposition for one condition or another, there still needs to be an environmental trigger for that condition to develop. In a similar way, the basis for addiction is not entirely determined by genetics.
Certain environmental aspects, such as the habits of our friends, partners, and parents, can contribute significantly to the development of addiction. A genetic predisposition to alcoholism becomes entirely more significant when the individual in question is frequently exposed to alcohol abuse and comes to view the harmful behavior as normal.
The strongest predictor was life events and experiences that contributed to the development of the mental condition, such as abuse, bullying, or childhood trauma. Today, most people agree that our characteristics are a result of a combination of both nature and nurture.
There is enough support for both sides to completely count either side out. Clearly, both nature and nurture can affect the development of certain disorders. Francis Galton was the first to pose this question during the late nineteenth century. A relative of Charles Darwin, he felt that intellectual ability was mostly attributed to genetics and that the tendency for genius to be a familial trait was the result of natural superiority McLeod This has led to the speculation as to whether characteristics such as behaviour, personality and mental ability are set before we are born, or can still be changed as we are growing up.
Unlike many other areas of psychology one is unable to use measures to control and understand the key traits of personality in a person. There is also no way to be able to differentiate, which changes are due to changes in the personality states or which are due to changes in the environment. It becomes difficult when trying to determine the effects of nature or nurture on any individual because there is not shared understanding on what personality is. Although there is currently no single series of tests the most accepted theory as to define how personality can be measured and defined is the big five factor theory.
In order to separate and define which personality traits in a person are caused by the environment in which a person is placed nurture and which are caused by heredity nature there must be an agreed definition and measure of personality. Both nature and nurture are significant in forming a personality. It is suggested that genetics play a more important role in determining the personality traits like learning and skills etc than the way people are raised environment within the individual.
It is very problematic to find one that can be questioned to find the effects of the environment and genetics on ones personalities. The only single way to do so is to get identical twins to compare their personalities to non-identical twins. The difficulty with non-identical twins who were raised separately is that they still shared a womb, and have some contact with one another after being separated usually after birth.
Another problem is that genetically identical twins like to be unlike one another and diverse. This means that the connection is not strong enough between the data to tell which aspects of personality are affected by nurture environment and nature genetics. Leading back once again to the suggested fact that nature has a higher and more significant influence on the personality of an individual than nurture.
However, without question his teachings Abstract Oil and gas exploration and exploitation in Niger Delta region Nigeria have been characterized by environmental degradation as a result of oil spillage, flaring of gas, deforestation and other unwholesome practices of oil and gas multinational companies operating in the area.
The devastation of the environment is the consequence of all stages of oil and gas activities from the exploration, drilling to transportation and The question wheatear humans are contributing to Global Warming has been a great debate among people. Global Warming is understood to be a natural phenomenon which causes the increase in earth atmosphere and oceans because of high concentration of greenhouse gases but are humans aggravating the issue. Being a controversial issue there have been a variety of arguments put forward.
This essay will argue, however, The two poems in which I feel use nature as a source of inducing emotion and meaning to the reader are London, William Blake and To Autumn, Lord Byron. Both poems present nature in highly contrasting forms. To Autumn is a strongly appreciative poem of nature. It presents the cycle of nature and season, a depth to which the narrator appears to be contemplating what Robert Frost has an exceptional relationship to nature.
Being a farmer in New England, he was surrounded by the beauty and tranquillity of nature. Frost, through his poems explores man's relationship to nature, capturing every detail, the importance of nature and how human's become sidetracked in worldly issues.
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Free Essay: Nature vs Nurture Debate Nature versus Nurture is the issue of the degree to which environment and heredity influence behavior and development.
- Nature vs Nurture Debate Nature versus Nurture is the issue of the degree to which environment and heredity influence behavior and development. In this issue nature can be defined as, behaviors due to heredity. Free Nature Nurture papers, essays, and research papers.
Unlike most editing & proofreading services, we edit for everything: grammar, spelling, punctuation, idea flow, sentence structure, & more. Get started now! Nature vs Nurture is an ongoing debate in human development. This sample essay looks at both sides as well as the two working in conjunction with one another.4/5(5).