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❶Turner were born less than a year apart in and respectively and were to take German and English landscape painting to their extremes of Romanticism, but both their artistic sensibilities were formed when forms of Romanticism was already strongly present in art. Spanish Romanticism also influenced regional literatures.


Definition of Romance
Romance and Romanticism
Other Fine Arts Terms

Romance, as pointed out, is a type of fiction , comprising idealized love, chivalry, obsessive association with somebody or some idea, and mysterious adventures. However, Romanticism is a specific movement and period in English literature during which poems, stories, and novels related to Romantic ideas were created. Shelly, Lord Byron, and John Keats are some of the most famous poets and writers of the Romantic period. However, Romances have been written since classical English period.

This 14th century romance, whose writer is still unknown, revolves around the bravery of Sir Gawain, a knight of King Arthur, who accepts the challenge from the Green Knight. Sir Gawain beheads the knight, but the knight goes away reminding him that he would appear again. In this struggle, Sir Gawain shows his true nature of bravery, chivalry, and courage when tested by a lady, as he stays in the castle of that very knight.

This novel narrates the story of the Bennet family. Bennett has five daughters, and she is desperate to get them married. She is seen trying to achieve her ambition throughout the novel. Darcy, who is a wealthy landowner. She dislikes him in their first meeting, due to his arrogant attitude. Romantic emotion often has an inner-outer orientation: One's inmost soul or self is touched by the beauty of nature, or reaches out to that beauty in the country, the mountains, the stars.

The inner and outer correspond to each other: Meanwhile, the normal society immediately surrounding one's self—e. You can't want or desire what you already have. Instead of the here and now of drab reality, Romanticism values something exotic, unattainable, or lost, an alternate reality that challenges the everyday.

For example, a nostalgic past or dramatic future, a distant star or a voice deep inside, a dream desired, denied, but never forgotten. Modern audiences are conversant with such Romantic themes or images. The term "Romantic" is commonly limited to love just as " romances " now mean love stories , but some subtler uses reveal how the wider meaning of Romanticism endures: For example, "How romantic!

Historically, the Romantic era is sometimes called "The Age of Revolution" from the French Revolution and the American Revolution , the Haitian Revolution , and subsequent revolutions in Europe and Latin America including the War for Mexican Independence, The Romantic "Age of Revolution" may also refer to.

Historically, it is traditional to regard Romanticism as a reaction against the Enlightenment or Age of Reasont , but Romanticism depends on Enlightenment institutions and practices for support and continuity. Stylistically, Romanticism includes movements or terms as diverse but associated as the gothic , the sublime , Transcendentalism , and the romance narrative, and the significance of feelings and the imagination over or in addition to Enlightenment values like reason, empiricism , and logic.

Among such trends was a new appreciation of the medieval romance, from which the Romantic movement derives its name. The romance was a tale or ballad of chivalric adventure whose emphasis on individual heroism and on the exotic and the mysterious was in clear contrast to the elegant formality and artificiality of prevailing Classical forms of literature, such as the French Neoclassical tragedy or the English heroic couplet in poetry.

This new interest in relatively unsophisticated but overtly emotional literary expressions of the past was to be a dominant note in Romanticism.

The first phase of the Romantic movement in Germany was marked by innovations in both content and literary style and by a preoccupation with the mystical, the subconscious, and the supernatural.

The second phase of Romanticism, comprising the period from about to the s, was marked by a quickening of cultural nationalism and a new attention to national origins, as attested by the collection and imitation of native folklore , folk ballads and poetry, folk dance and music, and even previously ignored medieval and Renaissance works.

The revived historical appreciation was translated into imaginative writing by Sir Walter Scott , who is often considered to have invented the historical novel. Maturin, the Marquis de Sade , and E. By the s Romanticism had broadened to embrace the literatures of almost all of Europe. These artists favoured themes that were bizarre, pathetic, or extravagantly heroic, and they defined their images with tensely linear drawing and bold contrasts of light and shade.

William Blake, the other principal early Romantic painter in England, evolved his own powerful and unique visionary images. In the next generation the great genre of English Romantic landscape painting emerged in the works of J. Turner and John Constable. These artists emphasized transient and dramatic effects of light, atmosphere, and colour to portray a dynamic natural world capable of evoking awe and grandeur.

Ingres represent the last, more academic phase of Romantic painting in France. In Germany Romantic painting took on symbolic and allegorical overtones, as in the works of P. Caspar David Friedrich , the greatest German Romantic artist, painted eerily silent and stark landscapes that can induce in the beholder a sense of mystery and religious awe.

Musical Romanticism was marked by emphasis on originality and individuality, personal emotional expression, and freedom and experimentation of form. The possibilities for dramatic expressiveness in music were augmented both by the expansion and perfection of the instrumental repertoire and by the creation of new musical forms, such as the lied, nocturne, intermezzo, capriccio, prelude, and mazurka.

The Romantic spirit often found inspiration in poetic texts, legends , and folk tales, and the linking of words and music either programmatically or through such forms as the concert overture and incidental music is another distinguishing feature of Romantic music. These composers pushed orchestral instruments to their limits of expressiveness, expanded the harmonic vocabulary to exploit the full range of the chromatic scale , and explored the linking of instrumentation and the human voice.

The Italian Romantic opera was brought to the height of its development by Giuseppe Verdi. The Romantic opera in Germany culminated in the works of Richard Wagner , who combined and integrated such diverse strands of Romanticism as fervent nationalism; the cult of the hero; exotic sets and costumes; expressive music; and the display of virtuosity in orchestral and vocal settings.


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Romanticism definition is - a literary, artistic, and philosophical movement originating in the 18th century, characterized chiefly by a reaction against neoclassicism and an emphasis on the imagination and emotions, and marked especially in English literature by sensibility and the use of autobiographical material, an exaltation of the.

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(Literary & Literary Critical Terms) (often capital) the theory, practice, and style of the romantic art, music, and literature of the late 18th and early 19th centuries, usually opposed to classicism.

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ROMANTIC POETS: See discussion under Romanticism. ROMANTICISM: The term refers to the artistic philosophy prevalent during the first third of the nineteenth century (about ). Romanticism rejected the earlier philosophy of the Enlightenment, which stressed that logic and reason were the best response humans had in the face . The word “romance” also refers to romantic love. As far as literature in concerned, the term has an entirely a different concept. It means romantic stories with chivalrous feats of heroes and knights. Romance describes chivalry and courtly love, comprising stories and legends of duty, courage, boldness, battles, and rescues of damsels in distress.

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Romanticism Literary Terms. STUDY. PLAY. literary ballad. a songlike poem that tells a story; composed and written down by known poets. internal rhyme. rhyme that occurs within a poetic line rather than at the end. assonance. repetition of similar vowel sounds followed by different consonant sounds in words that are close together. ode. This is as accurate a general definition as can be accomplished, although Victor Hugo's phrase "liberalism in literature" is also apt. Imagination, emotion, and freedom are certainly the focal points of romanticism.