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❶The other major arm of the Scientific Revolution, apart from the astronomical discoveries and advances, was the findings in the sphere of Biology. The world map, as one example, offered substantial relevancy to Europes existence; prior to the maps invention, poli

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This may be taken as the beginning of the Scientific Revolution or be it the astronomical part of the Scientific Revolution. Copernicus' system was only observed by a few people at the time and most, if not all, would have been theologians. However, the few that actually took note of Copernicus views were inclined to reject it.

This is because people of the time had grown up with Aristotle's theories about the Universe for hundreds of years and Ptolemy's astronomical system had also been generally accepted, so Copernicus' heliocentric cosmology went against their 'entire science of astronomy'. Copernicus was not overly outspoken though and so therefore not too much disruption was caused within the society of the time as not many people were aware of it and those that were just simply rejected it.

This shows that, as the Scientific Revolution was beginning, it was not having much practical influence on peoples lives simply because people were not aware of it. The same is true for the people that were aware of it as they had rejected it as it did not coincide with what they already believed and so therefore was not showing much effect, except maybe confusion, on their lives either.

It was also said that the significance of the Copernicus findings was not so much the system that he suggested but more the fact that the system would ignite the great revolution in physics. In the early seventeenth century Galileo saw some sense in Copernicus' heliocentric system. This was because he was drawn to its use of geometric reasoning as he thought that with mathematics there could be no mistakes and so began to look into the theories more thoroughly.

He began to answer the objections to the Copernicus system and also illustrated problems that showed that the Ptolemaic system was near impossible and therefore that its continued acceptance was absurd. Galileo presented his theories in his book 'Two New Sciences'. His main discoveries were that, contrary to popular belief, a heavy and light object will not fall from a high place at different speeds which are proportional to their weights but in fact fall with almost identical speeds.

The reason that it often seems as though the heavier object falls more swiftly is that sub-consciously people will release the heavier object slightly earlier.

He discovered many other things which he illustrated in his book about the theories of motion such as factors effecting the acceleration of a falling body such as air. Although these findings are very relevant and important to physics now at the time they will not really have effected peoples daily practical lives. This is because these findings were the basis to physics and so therefore as things had not yet developed they were not going to directly effect the public of the time of Galileo.

Galileo, unlike Ptolemy and Aristotle, believed that the Universe was a lot larger than had been thought and maybe even an infinite and vast place. Galileo tried to prove this by using a method called Parallax. This is when if two objects, which are not at the same place, when viewed from different positions appear to shift and move relative to each other.

When Galileo used this method on distant stars he saw that they only slightly, if at all, changed positions at the two different viewpoints therefore telling him that they must be a great distance away, and so backing up his theory that the Universe is a vast place.

These findings obviously greatly increased peoples' knowledge and understanding of the world but at that time it would not have made much practical difference on people's lives.

This is because whether the Universe was large or small would not have meant the farmers knew more about their fields or the peasants knew better how to scrape a bit of money together so they could eat their next meal.

It was the kind of information which was probably interesting at the time but was not practically useful until later on when more science and technology existed. Galileo knew full well the significance of his discoveries as they meant that he had overturned a theory that was over a thousand years old, so showing that although knowledge was increasing it was not yet directly changing peoples lives.

In he published a book that revolutionised the astronomy. Therefore, as Galileo was an outspoken character he began to voice his new findings to the people and condemned as a fool anyone who was not immediately persuaded.

These discoveries did, however, affect people lives in some way as a two hundred year 'intellectual' battle was to taking place between the established Church and the emerging theories that philosophers and astronomers such as Copernicus and Galileo were producing. For following Copernicus so outspokenly Galileo was placed under house arrest as powerful figures within the church were not very easily persuaded by the theories. So all through the 's a religious war raged in Europe due to all the queries that were flying around due to these discoveries made in the Scientific Revolution.

Galileos' friends begged him to tone down his preachings but he would not. He was subsequently taken to trial, but to his advantage he had many friends in the church who were trying to protect him. However, in the 's a new pope came to power and so his friends could no longer protect him.

The church dismissed his writings and by the time he was near seventy he was summoned to Rome to appear before the Roman Inquisition. He was told to withdraw his findings but it was not until he was threatened with torture that he gave in and signed a confession that recanted his teachings. These events made the people scared about looking into his theories and so although a great part of the Scientific Revolution had taken place through what Galileo had discovered it had little effect on peoples lives as it was not preached and therefore not learnt about.

The other major arm of the Scientific Revolution, apart from the astronomical discoveries and advances, was the findings in the sphere of Biology. Once again the effect of these discoveries was insignificant at the time, as far as the general population was concerned, but over the course of the next two centuries has had an increasingly significant effect on peoples practical lives in terms both of horticulture and agriculture and of medicine.

Indeed when we look at the biological arm of the Scientific Revolution that is where we find the greatest influence on peoples lives today. Hippocrates is one of the most significant influences on the Biological advances on the Scientific, he was born about BC on the Greek island of Cos.

Even today doctors are required to take the Hippocratic oath before into the medical profession. Here is an extract from the oath: I will use treatment to help the sick according to my ability and judgement but never with a view to injury or wrongdoing. I will not give poison to anybody Although Hippocrates existed a long time before the Scientific Revolution took place he still had a great influence on it and is known as the 'Father of medicine' by many, such as Plato. This is because he built the basic foundations of medicine.

A collection of sixty or so books were created, most probably by his followers, contained detailed lists of symptoms and treatments that he had suggested and discovered and these books were in use and being followed for hundreds of years.

There were a number of other famous Greek doctors before the Scientific Revolution but Hippocrates seemed to have the greatest influence.

After Western Europe began to play an increasingly important rrole in world history because of the Scientific Revolution. One reason for such success of the Europeans was that they developed a new sort of science, based on the Greek methods of careful observation and clear logical thinking that had been initiated by doctors such as Hippocrates.


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Free Essay: During the Scientific Revolution scientists such as Galileo, Copernicus, Descartes and Bacon wrestled with questions about God, human aptitude.

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Scientific Revolution essays"The Scientific Revolution was a major milestone for the mental evolution of man." The new astronomy that came about during the Scientific Revolution changed many thoughts and methods in society. The Scientific Revolution was during the 16th and 17th centuries. In the centuries preceding the Scientific Revolution people attempted to understand natural phenomena through the lenses of doctrine and philosophical speculation. Scientists were content with to rely on a synthesis of Aristotelian framework and dogma in attempt to describe the world. During the.

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Scientific revolution was the period marked by the emergency of the modern science. The development in science mathematics physics and astrology affected the way that the people worked and thought leading to rapid changes in the society. The Scientific Revolution. During the Scientific Revolution scientists such as Galileo, Copernicus, Descartes and Bacon wrestled with questions about God, human aptitude, and the possibilities of understanding the world.