Draw another vertical line stopping at the horizontal line if there is a direct object. To the right of this line, write the direct object. Place indirect objects beneath the verb. In general, indirect objects could take a preposition and so are drawn with a diagonal line coming off of the word they modify.
See step 6 for prepositions. Draw a slash if there is a predicate nominative or predicate adjective. A predicate nominative is a noun, pronoun, or adjective that refers to the subject. The verb preceding the predicate nominative or adjective is usually a linking verb, such as the forms of to be is , are , was , etc.
To the right of the slash, write the predicate nominative or adjective. Place adjectives, adverbs, articles, and possessives on diagonal lines below the words they modify.
Begin prepositions like you would adjectives: Draw a diagonal line down. The object of the preposition goes on a horizontal line coming off the preposition line. Determine how any conjunctions are being used.
If the sentence is a compound sentence made up of two independent clauses, the coordinating conjunction will connect via a bent, broken line. Draw appositives in parentheses next to the words they modify. Appositives are words that redefine or rename other words. Adjectives and articles that apply to the appositive are drawn beneath the appositive word. In the above sentence, An unabashed herbivore, I like fruits and vegetables , I is the subject, like is the verb, fruits and vegetables are direct objects, and joins the direct objects, herbivore is in apposition to I , an is an article, and unabashed is an adjective modifying herbivore.
Place infinitive phrases on their own line, called a pedestal, beginning with a diagonal. Infinitives are the basic forms of verbs, often beginning with the word to , as in to see or to walk or to eat. In the above sentence, I like to eat vegetables , I is the subject, like is the verb, to eat vegetables is an infinitive phrase made up of the verb to eat and the object vegetables. Draw a staircase for gerunds.
Gerunds are verbs ending in -ing that act as nouns, but often take direct objects. They are usually drawn on a pedestal. In the above sentence, Eating vegetables is good for you , eating vegetables is a gerund phrase made up of the gerund eating and the object vegetables , is is a linking verb, good is the predicate adjective, for is a preposition, and you is the object of the preposition.
Gerunds can also function as objects of prepositions. When functioning as the object of a preposition, gerunds do not need a pedestal. Draw noun phrases on pedestals. That , and other expletives like which , can introduce a noun phrase. In the above sentence, I wish that she ate more vegetables , I is the subject; wish is the verb; that she ate more vegetables is a noun clause introduced by the expletive that and made up of the subject she , the verb ate , the direct object vegetables , and the adjective more.
Noun phrases do not always need an expletive. Sometimes it is simply understood, as in the sentence I wish she ate more vegetables. When the expletive is understood, draw an X in parentheses where the word would go.
Not Helpful 5 Helpful Use the instructions in this article to try it yourself! Not Helpful 19 Helpful See step 7 for conjunction examples. Each subject would get its own line and would be connected by verticle dashed lines, one of which probably has a conjunction written on it. It depends on the specific sentence, but these lines would then be joined to the remainder of the sentence.
Not Helpful 10 Helpful For example, in the sentence "I couldn't decide which cat I like more. When used as a pronoun "which" is often seen in questions where it shows a lack of particular direction, and the predicate is what shows the asker asking for that direction. For example, in the sentence "Which is it? However, it doesn't have to be in a question format, as seen in the phrase "which it is.
Not Helpful 12 Helpful Try it on your own using the instructions above! Not Helpful 13 Helpful In English, participles are also used to make compound verb forms e. When acting as adjectives, they are diagrammed similarly. Draw a participle on a slanted, bent line beneath the word the participle modifies. Not Helpful 9 Helpful How do I diagram a sentence containing phrases such as "quite a bit"? I enjoyed the show quite a bit.
On the horizontal line, you would write "bit. Not Helpful 6 Helpful Not Helpful 0 Helpful 2. Pronouns take the place of nouns, so they go wherever the antecedent noun would go.
It depends on the function of the pronoun within the sentence. There are several examples of pronouns in various positions in this article. Not Helpful 7 Helpful 9. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Already answered Not a question Bad question Other.
Tips Words of direct address are written on their own lines above the subject. For example, in the sentence Chaequan, what would you like for dinner tonight?
Would like is the verb, tonight is an adverb, dinner is the object of the preposition for , and what is the direct object. Beginning sentence diagramming can be confusing. Start with short, easy sentences, and build up from there. One of the best ways to learn to diagram sentences is to look at sentences that have already been diagrammed. There are many great resources on the web with hundreds of sentence diagrams, many of which have thorough explanations.
Split contractions when necessary. If the word is they're , which stands for they are , the noun is they and the verb is are. If they is the subject, put it to the left of the vertical line, and place ' re to the right of the vertical line. Verb phrases are main verbs, like lift , cook , or drive , that have been paired with auxiliary, or helping, verbs, like will , can , or may , which create a sense of time and mood in English sentences.
In the following examples, the main verbs are bold and the auxiliary verbs are italic. The two combined make the verb phrase. Note that adverbs are not part of the verb phrase even if they occur between the auxiliary and main verbs. She will lift the box. They can cook dinner for us tomorrow. You may not have dessert. Not is not part of the verb phrase Sam would have liked this movie. Depending on the intent, auxiliary verbs can be strung together. Sources and Citations http: Article Info Featured Article Categories: Featured Articles Sentences In other languages: Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read , times.
I've been a teacher of English as a foreign language for 40 years, and have always applied the rudiments of what I remember of diagrams to help my students understand word placement and function. Your page has refreshed my memory. I've saved this, and will certainly refer to it in my lessons. When diagramming sentences, the easiest way to start is to identify the parts of speech and the parts of the sentence. Once you have identified the different parts of the sentence and thought about how they fit together, it is easy to begin your diagram.
Diagramming sentences can be difficult at first, especially with complex sentences. However, it can help provide you with a deep understanding of grammar rules and parts of speech. The best way to get better at diagramming sentences is to practice. Free Diagramming Sentences Worksheet.
You can also download diagrammed sentences, worksheets, and a copy of the Pledge of Allegiance and Preamble to the Constitution that has been diagramed. Diagramming Exercises - English Grammar Revolution offers ten individual chapters of sentences to diagram, which begin with simple sentences and basic sentence diagramming. The sentences and exercises gradually get more complex, chapter by chapter.
*An essay is a piece of writing usually written from an author's personal point of view that analyses and evaluates an issue or a topic. Writing an essay means to express your academic opinion on a particular matter. Possible types include: descriptive essay, narrative essay, compare and contrast essay, persuasive essay, argumentative essay etc.
The most basic sentence contains a subject and a mihtorg.ga begin diagramming a sentence, draw a baseline beneath the subject and the verb and then separate the two with a vertical line that extends through the baseline.
Everyday math homework help is a Diagramming Sentences Cheat Sheet that covers 13 common portions of diagramming. Includes subjects, sentences, articles, adjectives, direct and indirect objects, prepositional phrases, adverbs, predicate nouns and adjectives, interjection. Diagramming sentences can diagramming you understand how to break down a sentence into parts, so you can analogy homework help you follow all conventional grammar rules. When diagramming sentences, the easiest way to start homework to help the parts of speech and the parts of the sentence.
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