For example, the study conducted by Marshall, Anantharachagan, Choudhary, Chue and Kaurhis, investigated the effect of situational anxiety on blood pressure experienced in anticipation of a blood test. The researchers addressed known influential factors verbally, but not all factors were controlled during the experiment. For example, time of day, the white coat effect along with respirations and heart rate were not addressed in the results.
Qualitative Critique of Sampling Methodology Based upon information provided this study was appropriate conducted as a purposeful sampling but, this study also appears to meet the criteria for convenience sampling. There may have been more information provided if the study was expanded beyond 21 participants and occurred at more than one facility. The researchers did not indicate if saturation had occurred and in light of 21 participants this is not surprising.
The experiences of the 21 participants were adequately described and their personal experiences were documented. Verbal consent was obtained; informed consent does not appear to have been obtained. Confidentiality and privacy rules were not addressed. The study consisted entirely of males and the rationale for the exclusion of females was not addressed. There are also ethical concerns when you involve a specific group veterans who are dependent upon a certain facility for healthcare.
Because of this dependence the participants may have felt coerced to participate. Qualitative Ethical Considerations Palese, et. Approval for the study was obtained from a university research headquarters and all involved departments.
Informed consent was obtained for the first contact and was reevaluated throughout the process. The quantitative research performed by Foster-Fitzpatrick et. They limited their study when they focused on males with known hypertension that was currently being controlled by medication. For a quantitative study the Foster-Fitzpatrick et. At first look, I connected with the quantitative study on a professional level. I initially thought this was good research that would apply to my practice of nursing.
After critiquing this study I was surprised and disappointed, but it was a good lesson learned. The qualitative research performed by Palese, et. Their sample size was small, but the reported experiences were rich with information.
The qualitative study was esoteric and loosely organized. Nurses are the first in line to advocate for patients and their rights to receive quality health care services and to have adequate education in order to make appropriate decisions regarding personal health care choices. Learning whether women are concerned about a more natural, more private and less painful process for an abortion may assist providers to identify appropriate candidates for medical abortion. Also, understanding the concerns women have towards medical abortion, the clinicians are better prepared to assist the client with appropriate education to make informed decisions.
The study was conducted to determine specific needs and perceptions of patients undergoing medical abortion treatment versus the surgical abortion. The knowledge gained will provide clinicians with the ability to determine the criteria for candidates to choose this option. Two open-ended questions were used in an interview of clients in order to develop a more detailed understanding of how patients view induced medical abortions.
This question is broad enough for a qualitative study because personal perceptions play an important role in decision making. Personal perceptions are also as individual as taste preferences can be. This study used the grounded theory approach. Grounded theory is the approach that attempts to develop a theory; however, the theory is seen to emerge from an observation of the situation in which the individuals are immersed Oliver and Linkon, During this study the interviewers asked clients questions and observed their responses.
A non-probability sample of 43 participants in a clinical trial of abortion using medical means instead of surgical means completed two open-ended questionnaires about this method. Thirty women participated in in-depth interviews a few weeks following their abortion.
Women that chose to participate were given questionnaires during each phase of the study. The questionnaire had two open-ended questions: Patient rights were protected through informed consent, routine privacy considerations, education regarding the medication affects and adverse effects.
Patients were also provided medication to decrease pain related to cramping associated with medications used for the abortion process.
For qualitative research there is no requirement that the sample size be large, only that it provide data for analysis to determine the outcome.
This is supported by the fact that women who were enrolled later in the study did not reveal new insights about guilt, anxiety or long-term side effects Fielding, et all, Qualitative research is not linear and does not involve many formulas. Data analysis is a challenge for the qualitative researcher because of the complexity and the variances involved in the data collection.
Several other reasons for impediments in analyzing qualitative data are: The interviews were recorded on cassettes and transcribed. Codes were revised, deleted or added as the study evolved. A researcher listened to each recording, read the interviews during the coding process, identified important themes that became apparent during the interviews.
A major strength of this study includes comparison data and outcomes from other studies to validate the results of this study. A second strength is the use of open-ended questions to elicit honest and client directed responses.
A third strength is the measure taken to ensure reliability. The most noticeable limitation to this study is that some of the participants were interviewed by telephone. Researchers were reliant on the honesty of the person on the phone to actually be the participant. Lastly, telephone interviews limited the observation of non-verbal clues seen during a face-to-face interview. A second limitation is the decision to not included women that had previous medical abortion experiences.
The study included women that had either surgical abortion or no previous abortion experiences. It would have been good to have had the perceptions of women with previous medical abortion experience for comparison. In conclusion, qualitative research requires the researcher to be creative, have an intellectual mind, and work hard to collect and analyze data. This data is used to explore the complexity of human and nature.
The researcher wanted to assist clinicians identify appropriate clients for medical abortion and enable clinicians to provide appropriate psychological and physiological care for the medical abortion patient.. The results of this study identified that most women that have appropriate education regarding the efficacy and the process for medical abortion will chose the process over surgical abortion. Patients choose this method because it is less invasive, more private, and provides them more control over their care.
A look at qualitative research. Retrieved on August 23, from. Having an abortion using. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health. Retrieved on August 3, from. Essentials of nursing research: Abortion, is it murder or not?
There is a great controversy over many individuals on whether or not abortion should be legalized. As a utilitarian I believe that legalizing abortion will maximize happiness for the greatest number of people while minimizing their unhappiness. Abortion is defined as a deliberate termination of a pregnancy and it has been a real-world ethical issue for a long time The authors present an argument that asserts that the choice of abortion is immoral.
In this essay, the author will undertake a critical evaluation of an identified qualitative research study. The article will be reviewed using the Cormack () framework for evaluation of primary research articles, and will draw on other published research on qualitative methodologies to evaluate the article and its importance for nursing.
Free Essay: The purpose of this paper is to critique a qualitative research article in all phases of the report. For this purpose, the article that will be.
The problem being researched in the article is significant in nursing since it identifies the process, stressors and adjustment strategies of a novice nurse. This paper presents a critique of a qualitative research article titled: ‘Perceived support from healthcare practitioners among adults with type 2 diabetes’ (Oftedal et al, ) (appendix 1). To enable the critique of this article the Caldwell critiquing .
Critiquing Qualitative and Quantitative Research - Assignment Example On In Assignment Sample The research conducted by Foster-Fitzpatrick, Ortiz, Sibilano, Marcantonio and Braun () is a quantitative study of the significance of crossing the legs while blood pressure is being measured. Critiquing qualitative research or even doing data analysis for qualitative research is not a task for just anyone. This is a task that will require someone with a huge amount of experience in both the analysis and the subject area.