Contributors' names Last edited date. Common Words that Sound Alike Numbers: Text Elements Visual Rhetoric: Process and Materials Overview: An Introduction Researching Programs: Practical Considerations Researching Programs: Drafting Your Statement Statements of Purpose: The Basics In-Text Citations: Basic Rules Reference List: Articles in Periodicals Reference List: Other Print Sources Reference List: Electronic Sources Reference List: Organization and Structure Graduate Writing Workshops: Introductions Graduate Writing Workshops: Literature Reviews Graduate Writing Workshops: Style Graduate Writing Workshops: Editing and Proofreading Graduate Writing Workshops: Copyright and Plagiarism Collaborative Authorship Handout: Specificity in Writing Grant Writing: These could be graphs, images or illustrations other than tables.
Figures are commonly used to show a particular trend, or to compare results of experiments with respect to constant and changing variables. Understandably, it can be overwhelming to compile a paper that conforms to all these rules! But remember that when in doubt you can always consult your supervisor, who will have more insight about the writing conventions in your field. Reading published papers that are similar to yours will likewise give you some insight into the correct layout.
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Learn how to construct, style and format an Academic paper and take your skills to the next level. Don't have time for it all now? No problem, save it as a course and come back to it later. Share this page on your website: This article is a part of the guide: Select from one of the other courses available: Don't miss these related articles:.
Check out our quiz-page with tests about: Back to Overview "Write a Paper". Second, the year of publication is important, so you need to feature it immediately after any named source in the text.
Smyth found that children often studied while watching television. Williams and Maier have defined a new theory of cognition.
Use the present tense for generalizations and personal comments. Use the past or present perfect tenses only to introduce the work of cited sources. Evidence of the rise of the heroin use exists for every age group, even children. Burroughs and Bruce reported on five incidents of heroin overdose in the under 10 age group.
Always double space, including the text of your paper, quotations, notes, and the reference page. Leave margins of at least one-inch at the top, bottom, right, and left of every page. Within the text of your paper, underline titles of books, plays, pamphlets, periodicals, films, television programs, and recordings; place in quotation marks titles of articles, essays in anthologies, book chapters, and lectures.
Number pages in the upper right hand corner. Include a running head. Plagiarism is generally grounds for failure of a course and can lead to dismissal from college. To avoid plagiarism, acknowledge your sources with in-text citations and a reference page. Enclose direct quotations in quotation marks or otherwise indent them from the body of your text.
If you use another person's idea or paraphrase another person's words, be sure to use your own language and style of writing — don't simply rearrange the words. Use an in-text citation to acknowledge the source, then list on a reference page the publications or sources from which you obtained your citations. For more detailed information on plagiarism and how to avoid it, see the handout available at the GVC Writing Center.
After the first appearance, cite the author's name either within the text of your writing or within the parenthetical citation immediately following the cited passage. Note that commas separate items within parentheses. Following are some examples of in-text citation methods in the APA style. In his study of the effects of alcohol on the ability to drive, Smith showed that the reaction times of participating drivers were adversely affected by as little as a twelve ounce can of beer.
If you don't use the author's name in the text, place it within the parenthetical citation with the date. A recent study of the effects of alcohol on the ability to drive showed that as little as twelve ounces of beer adversely affected the reaction time of participating drivers Smith, Provide a page number when you use an exact quotation.
Use the singular "p. In his study on the effects of alcohol on drivers, Smith , p. As an alternative, place the page number within parentheses at the end of the quotation.
If you do so, remember to place the date immediately after the author's name. In his study on the effects of alcohol on drivers, Smith stated that "participants who drank twelve ounces of beer with a 3. Indent a direct quotation of 40 or more words five spaces from the left margin.
If the quotation includes more than one paragraph, indent the first line of succeeding paragraphs five more spaces ten spaces total. Don't use quotation marks, and be sure to double space the quotation as well as your own writing.
In her study of adult patterns of television watching, Roberts reported the following behaviors:. Response behaviors exhibited by participants who watched television without any other persons present in the viewing room included imitating the facial expressions and hand movements of television characters as well as talking to individual characters. Affective behaviors included exhibitions of anger such as shouting and throwing magazines at the television.
Such behaviors were less evident behaviors in participants who watched television in groups of three. Instead, participants in group watching were more likely to interject critical or humorous comments regarding the content of particular television programs.
If you're citing an author who's been quoted in another book or article, use the original author's name in the text, and cite in parentheses the source in which you found the quotation. Behavior is affected by situation. As Wallace postulated in Individual and Group Behavior , a person who acts a certain way independently may act in an entirely different manner while the member of a group cited in Barkin, , p.
When citing a work with two, three, four, or five authors within the text of the paper, name them all in the first entry, e. After the first entry, cite only the first author's name followed by " et al.
When citing a work with six or more authors, name only the first author followed by et. If the author is not given, use the first word or two of the title in the parenthetical citation. Massachusetts state and municipal governments have initiated several programs to improve public safety, including community policing and after school activities "Innovations," If "Anonymous" is specified as the author, treat it as if it were a real name:
Click on the link above in the Media box to download the pdf handout, APA Sample Paper.
APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 6 th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page.
APA Paper Formatting & Style Guidelines Your teacher may want you to format your paper using APA guidelines. If you were told to create your citations in APA format, your paper should be formatted using the APA guidelines as well. General guidelines: Use white 8 ½ x 11” paper. Make [ ]. An APA Research Paper Model Thomas Delancy and Adam Solberg wrote the following research paper for a psychology class. As you review their paper, read the side notes and examine the.
APA STYLE – RESEARCH PAPER FORMAT Insert page numbers in the upper right corner. Flushed left, the words. Learn about APA Style Research Papers, review free APA Research Exampe and get prompts on APA Research Paper Outline and APA Research Paper Format here!